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    吕氏贵宾会BBIN开心消消乐【niusibaoobdanbai.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。安庆亮芳谧汽车用品有限公司(原金华韵疑夏汽车用品有限公司)成立于1999年,占地面积44096平方米,ca88 下载app送彩金其中生产厂房占地7931平方米,仓库面积占地2455平方米。固定资产9636万元,流动资产4178万元,干部职工共468人,工程技术人员95人。吕氏贵宾会BBIN开心消消乐ByHeJianwu,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo115,2014(Total4614)In2010,thescaleofChinaseconomyexceededthatofJapan,becomingthesecondlargesteconomyintheworldandthelargestinAsia,andoneofthemedium-andh,itsdevelopmentisreflectednotonlyintheimprovementofitsownlevel,butalsointhefactthatithasalsobecomeanimportantsincreasingroleandinfluenceinglobaleconomy,thecorrectunderstandingandpublicizingofthepositiveroleofChinasdevelopmentintheglobaleconomyisnotonlyconducivetoimprovingthepositiveimageofChinaintheinternationalcommunity,butalsohasgreaitiveinfluenceofChinasEconomicGrowthSpeedsuptheChangeofthe"South-North"DevelopmentP,itisfoundthatthegloba,theproportionofGDPofdevelopedcountriestothatofdevelopingcountriesintheglobaleconomyremainedbasicallystable,withtheGDPo,theproportionofGDPofdevelopedcountriesintheglobaleconomyroseremarkablyfromlessthan80%tonearly85%.Inthiscentury,boostedbydevelopingcountries,especiallyChinasrapidgrowth,thesituationhasbeenreversed,withtheproportionofdevelopingcountriesbeginningtosoarfromabout18%%in2012,%%seconomyontheglobaleconomyisreflectednotonlyinthechangeoftheSouth-Northdevelopmentpattern,(2011),withthecontinuedriseofChinaseconomyandthedevelopmentofotherregionsinEastAsia,theglobaleconomiccenterofgravityisshiftingtotheeastatanacceleratedspeed,movingfromthemiddleofthesEconomicGrowthNotOnlyProvidesAHugeMarkettotheGlobalEconomy,ButAlsoSpeedsUpT,Chinasecseconomicdevelopmenthasprovidedhu,itsreflectedinthefollowingaspects:,fastindustrializationhassuccessfullyboostedChinasrapideconomicgrowth,,thedemandsforenergy,rawmaterialsandelectromechanicalequipmentgrowrapidly,greatlystimulatingtheexportgrowthofenergy,rawmaterialsandmachineryequipment,,China,andtheimportdemandsforhigh-techproduct,withChinaseconomicgrowth,themiddle-levelincomepopulationhasbeearketofiPhoneintheworld,with38%,sdevelopmenthaspromosopeningtotheoutsideworldhasnotonlyimproveditsownspecializationlevel,butalsopromotedtheimprovementofitstradepartnersspecializationlevel,andpropelledthedeepeningofthegloballabordivisionsyst,overthepast20yearsandmore,theverticalspecializationindexesofmajorAsianeconomieshaveallgoneup,indicatingthattheirspecializationlevelisimprovingandtheirlabordivisionsbeingdeepened(WTO,2011).Amongthem,Chinawitnessedthebiggestincrease,withitsverticalspecializationindexrisingfromabout8%in1985to37%in20081,,Chinasdevelopmenthasalsopro%,smore,,Chinahadbecomethefifthlargestbuyerofsstabledevelopmentisconduc,China,overthepast30yearsandmore,theannualaveragepricehikeofChina%%.Besides,overthepast30yearsandmore,Chinaseconomyhasmaintainedastableandrapidgrowth,playingtheroleof"stabilizer",toacertainextent,insuppressingthe,overthepast30yearsandmore,thefluctuationdegreeofChinaseconomyisgreatlylowerthanthatofmajordevelopedcountries,andisonlyhigherthanVietnaminallth,aftertheoutbreakofthefinancialcrisis,thecourseofrecoveryofglobaleconosEconomicGrowthtoGlobalEconomicGrowthInordertoworkoutthecontributionofChinaseconomicgrowthtoglobaleconomicgrowthinanall-roundway,,fromthehistoricalandglobalperspective,historicaldataisusedtoestimatethehistoricalcontributionofChinaseconomicgrowthtoglobalGDPincrement;ontheotherhand,basedonthecurrentfacts,transnationaldataandtheinternationalinput-outputmodelareusedtoanalyzetheboostingeffectofChineseeconomyontheeconomyofdifferentcountries."Middle-IncomeTrap"Mostcatching-upeconomiesexperiencedanobviouseconomicslowdownorevenfellintothe"middle-incometrap”afterpercapitaGDPexceeded11,:First,asmentionedabove,thePEGRofallcatching-upcountrieshasgonethroughachangefromlowtohighand,000internationaldollarsusuallymeansthestartofthesecondphaseofindustrializationandurbanization,andtherefore,,whenthethresholdof11,000internationaldollarsisreached,durableconsumergoodssuchashousing,automobilesandhomeapplianceswillcomeintothepurchaselistofthefamily,whichwillleadtoa"sudden"dropinnetsavingsrateoftheentiresociety(orinotherwords,asuddenriseinresidentsconsumptionpropensity)henough(20%-25%inmostcases),whenthereisasuddendrop,theirnetsavingsrate(savingsrateaftercapitaldepreciationisdeducted)willprobablybecomenegative,,theeconomywillbeverylikelytofallintothe"middle-incometrap"-upcountrieswillgothroughacourseofchangessimilartoan"invertedUcurve"andwillbefacedwiththeriskof"middle-incometrap",yetfromtheglobalperspective,differen,intheeconomictake-offstage,theeconomyshouldriseasfastaspossiblewithinashortestpossibletimespan;intheeconomiclandingstage,theeconomyshoulddeclineasslowlyaspossiblewithinalongestpossibletimespansoastoavoidthe"middle-incometrap".Withoutconsideringthelaborfactorsinceitismuchlessinfluential,thethreemainindicatorsdeterminingacountrysPEGRarephysicalcapital,ndofchangeofsavingsrate,butalsobythechangeintheproportionofphysicalcapitalinvestment,humancapitalinvestment,"invertedUcurve"ofeconomicgrowthasclosetotheidealstateaspossible,thegovernmentcanandisabletoexertaninfluenceonthepa,thegovernmentmaypushupdomesticsavingsrate,investmentgrowthrateandeconomicgrowthratebyexpandingpublicinvestmentandreducingpublicconsumpt,thegovernmentmayretardthedeclineinsavingsratea,thegovernmentmaymaximizePEGRatanytimethroughpolicyguidanceordirectinvolvementbyadjustingandoptimizingtheallocationofsavingsresourcesamongtheaforesaid4investmentareas(typically,thepolicyistoinjectmoresavingsresourcesintotheareasofhumancapitalinvestment,technologycapitalinvestmentandinstitutionalcapitalinvestment)."Abnormal"DeclineinChinassavingsrateandphysica,thoughChinassavingsratehasbeenonthedeclinesince2010,,%,%by2012,,,wehaveseennoobviousdeclineinChina,thecountry%%in2012,afallofmorethan45%,whichisevidently"abnormal".。

    Source:(MSEs)facedamoresternexportsituationthanlargeandsmall-sizedenterprises(LSEsandSSEs).Accordingtothepresentsurveyresults,betweenJanuaryandMaythisyear,%ofMSEssawanexportincrease,;%ofMSEssufferedanexportdecline,ssituation,thenumberofvarioustypesofenterprisesthatsufferedanexportdeclinehadincreased,andMSEsevensufferedasharperdecline,,,,%,lowerthanthatofotherindustriessurveyed;%,,rtwassignificantlyhigherthanlastyearssurveyresults,insuchindustriesasfood,textilesgarments,materialsandmachinerythe,wherethenumberofenterprisesreportinganexportincreasewas,,,thenumberofenterpriseswithanincreasedexporttoEuropeandrelevantregionswasabove50%,higherthantheexporttoothermajormarkets;thenumberofenterprises%%,ssurveyresults,thenumberofenterpriseswithadecreasedexporttovariousregionshadincreasedsignificantly,butthenumberofenterpriseswithanincreasedexporttoEurope,theUS,HongKong,Macau,,thenumberofenterpriseswitha,thos,thenumberofenterprisesreportinganexportgrowthwasabove50%inShanxi,HunanandSichuan,higherthanthatinBeijing,Guangdong,Fujianintheeasternregion;thenumberofenterpriseswithadecreasedexportinShanxi,Chongqing,HunanandSichussurveyresults,thepresentsurveyrevealsthatthenumberofenterpriseswithadecreasedexporthadrisenconsiderablyinBeijingandGuangdong,,thenumberofenterprisesrecordinganincreasedexportwasslightlyhigherinGuangdong,,materialsandmachineryindustrieswe%oftherespondentsreportedanupwardtrendofexportcostbetweenJanuaryandMaythisyear,ssurveyresults;theproportionofrespondentswithbasicallyunchangedordecreased(slightlydecreasedandsignificantlydecreased),thepressureofrisingcostsustainedbyexportenterpriseshadbeeneasedtosomeextent.CuiXiaoliResearchReportNo95,2000China’spolicyforgrainsecurityisdesignedasonesetofoperationmechanismwithdualobjectives:ontheonehand,thegovernmenttriestostabilizegrains,thegovernmenthastointervenecomprehensivelyinthepurchase,marketing,“two-in-one”wayindealingwiththegrainproblemcandirectlyguaranteetheincomeofthegraingrowe,,marketing,allocationandstorageofgrainrepresenthighlydispersedbusinessactivitiesinspace,time,organizationandhumanpowerandcallformassivesupportinfund,nedsystem,whichwastotallyclosed,intheperiodofplannedpurchaseandmarketing,whichmeantthatnobodyenjoyedindependenceingrainproduction,,thecoreissueofthereformintheareaofgrainwashowtoensuretheeffectivenessofgrainpurchase,marketing,allocationandstoragewhileca,thegovernmentca,itwillencountertheproblemsofheavyfinancialburdens,exp,itmaynotbeapermanentsolutionforalongtimetoprotectagricultureandtheinterestsoffarmers,Chinai,wemissedduringtheplannedeconomyperiodthebesttimefordevelopinglabor-intensiveindustries,soChinamusttakeintofullconsiderationtheproblemofcostinitsindustrializationprocessatthepresenthigh-techtimewhencapital-inten,theissueiswhetherthepolicyofdualobjectiveswithonesetofmechaation,intrinsicrationalityshouldexistintheeffortofbindingthepolicyofgrainode:the“two-in-one”mannercanoperatewhenthegovernmentpoliticallyoverpricestheobjectiveofthefarmers’onditionsoftheformerhavechanged,therefore,turn“combiningtwointoone”into“dividingoneintotwo”.Grainsecurityhasremainedaproblemsinceancienttimesjustasthesayingthat“foodisthefirstnecessityofthepeople”.Recordsinancientdocumentssuchas“callforparticipationinagriculture”,“cherishgrain”,“payattentiontopeasants”,“storageofgrain”,“fairstandard”,“neglectofpolitics”,“permanentbalanceofprice”and“containstorageofgrain”,allrepres,hencetheexpression“storegraineverywhere”.,reachingabout33percent,thusthesaying“onethirdoftheyieldissurplusgrainforreserve”.Ofcourse,,the“fairstandard”systemofthet,,’straditionalagricultu,itsimpactontheeconomicstructureintheurban-ruralrelationshipwouldnotbeverygreat,’shistoryandeventothemoderntimes,thegrowthofthetotalgrainoutputhasalwaysbeenassociatedwiththelevelofthepopulationgrowth....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米YuBin,ChenHuai,ZhangLiqunExpandingdomesticdemandisanimportantmeasuretoalleviatethecurrenteconomicdifficultiesaswellasastrategicchna,seconomicdevelopmentThestructuralover-capacityandtheinadequatedem,thetotalvolumeoftotalconsumergoodsretailsalesandthein,urbanandruralhouseholdsdepositbalancehasfurthergrown,andthegapbetweenthebanks,Chinasexportshavealsodeclinedwhileimportshavegrowndrastically,,thecountryscommodityretailsalepricesandthehouseholdsconsumptionpriceindexhgmoreandmoredifficultiesinoperation,,whichhaveseensomeinitialeffect,ofindustrialization,rmationandthechangesoftheexternaleconomicenvironment,therootcause,in,,theformer,,’livingconditionshavebecomefairlywell-off,buttheproductionstructurehasnotbeenupgradedintime,,dis-(MPC)ofthehigh-incomestratumisfairlylowwhilethepotentialdemandofthelow-incomestratumc,dis-coor–techgoodshasledtoovercapacityinordinar,thestockresourcescanbehardlytraded,,dis-coordinationbetweenforeititiveagainstforeignrivals,,,thelowebboftheeconomiccycle,theincreaseofunemploymentandtheimperfectionofthesocialsecuritysystem--allthesehaveintensifiedthehouseholdsexpectationofincomeslowing-downandexpenditureincrease,,theabove-mentionedproblemsareallrelateintofthesupplysidetothatofthedemandside,expandingdemand,especiallydomesticdemand,hasbecomeabasicproceedingpointforChinaply,whichisanimpo,opening-upisbehindthegreatachievementsofthecountryicandforeignmarketsandthetwokindsofresourcesarethei,eco,exceptafewsmallcountrieswithuniqueconditions,havemaintainedtheireckeystomaintainingasustainable,n,iletheincreaseo,prospectsforexpansionarebright,ationandthemid-andlong-termdevelopmenttrend,Chinasexpansionofinvestmentdemandcountsonthefollowingaspects:,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,,inves,thegrowthofinvestmentdem,themineshutdownsinthecoalindustryandtheoutputlimitationintheironandsteelindustryaregovernmentalcompulsoryshrinkagemeasuresinthelightoftheirhigh-cost,low-techandunmarketableproducts,thenitisthemarketforcethathasbeenpushingforwardtherapiddevelopmentofcomputers,networks,,dte,’sentryintoWTO,w,entstrategy,weshoulddevelopresource-savingand“clean”,,basiccomponentsandbasicmaterials,thatis,weshouldtrytoimproveourowncapacityonthebaseofabsorbinganddigestingfor,,cars,tourism,entertainmentandothernewtypesofconsumptionaswellasinsurance,educationandinformationservices,willbecomenewhotspotsforinvestment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    海立方AG上海百乐门LiZhaoxiAfterthestate-ownedenterpriseshavebeentransformedintocompanies,contradictionsemergedbetweentheso-called"threenewhuis"(thegeneralmeetingofshareholders,theboardofdirectorsandthesupervisoryboard)andthe"threeoldhuis"(thepartycommittee,thetradeunionandtheemployeescongress).ThestickingpointisthattheprovisionsoftheLawontheState-OwnedIndustrialEnterprises(1988)concerningthepositionsandrolesofthetradeunionandtheemployeescongressintheleadershipoftheenterprisesaredifferentfromtheprinciplesofthecorporategovernancespecifiedbytheCompanyLaw(1993).Accordingtotheformerlaw,theemployeesofastate-ownedenterprise"havetherighttoparticipateinthedemocraticmanagementoftheirenterprise"while"thestateprotectsthemasterstatusoftheemployees".Theemployeescongressanditsstandingbody,thetradeunioncommittee,constitute"abasicvenueforanenterprisetoexercisedemocraticmanagementandabodyfortheemployeestoexercisetheirrighttodemocraticmanagement".UndertheCompanyLaw,however,acompanyshouldbemanagedbymanagersundertheguidingandsuprisesaretocontinuetobeimplementedinthesolelystate-ownedcompaniesandthestateholdingcompanies,,webelieve,thepositionandrolesoftheemployeesintheChinesesocietyandintheirenterprisesshouldbeco,thestatusoftheemployeesisofatriplenature:(1)theyarethemasterofourcountry;(2)theyareanimportantstakeholdertotheirenterprises:(3),themasterstatusoftheworkingclcongressandthetradeunioncommitteeinthesolelystate-ownedcompaniesandthestateholdingcompaniesshouldcontinuetoworkasbodiesfortheemployeestoexercisetheirrighttodemocraticmanagementarguethatChinaisasocialistcountryandthelaboringpeoplearethemasterofthecountry:thatbywayofbeingthemasterofthecountry,theemployeesshouldenjoythemasteroyeesinthepolitical,thelaboringpeoplearethemasterofChina,andthismasterspositionshouldbemanifestedintheirrighttothehandlingofstateaffairs,,theemployeesofthesocialistenterprisess,theproperti-ownedenterprisesbutalsothecitizensofthePeoplesRepublicofChinawhodonotw,nomatterwhetherheworksinanenterpriseorwhetherheworksinastate-ownedenterprise,acollectiveenterprise,aprivateenterpriseoraforeign-fundedenterprise,,regardingthepropertiesofthestate-ownedenterprisesasbelongingexclusivelytotheemployeesoftheseenterpriseshasundoubtedlyinfringedupontherighsresponsibilitysystemundertheleadershipoftheenterprisecommitteeelectedbytheemployeeswasacoshingofthe"GangofFour",inwhichtheemployeescong,thissystemwasfoundtohavemanyshortcomingsandwrnationally-acceptedmoderncorporatesystem,itisonlynaturalthatastandardcorporategovernancestructure,itisnotadvisabletotreattheemployeescongressasanorganfortheemployeestoexercisetheirman,theemployeesasamajorstakeholdershouldparticipateindecision-makingbyele,amajordevelopmentinwesterncorporatetheorieswasthatwhiletheseniormanagersofacompanyshouldbeaccountablechieflytotheshareholders,theyshouldalsoberesponsibletotheotherstakeholdersofthecompanies,includingtheemployees,creditors,suppliers,,mpany,themanagersofthecompanyshouldalsobeaccountabletoth,theemployeesparticipateinmakingmajoroperatingdecisionsfortheircompaniesandexercisesupervisionovertheseniormanagersbyelectingtheirrepresentativesintothesupervisoryboards(boardsofdirectors),000people,halfofthemembersofthesupervisoryboardshouldbeelectedbythepartiesrepresentingcapitalandtheotherhalfbytheemployees.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByMaJunXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"theReformoftheManagementSystemofState-ownedAssets"ofEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo160,2014(Total4659)Improvingthemanagementsystemofstate-owne,implementation,andsupervisioninthehopeofimprovinggovernmentalmanagementsystemoverstate-ownedassets,regulatinggovernmental,wesuggesttoimprovecorporategovernance,maintainenterprisesstat,amanagementsystemofstate-ownedassetsshouldbeestablishedinwhichgovernmentaladministrationisseparatedfromenterprisesmanagement,authoritiesmatchresponsibilities,effecti,wecan,ontheonehand,strengthensupervisionandadministrationofstate-ownedassets,withmanagingthecapitalasthemajortask,andhelpstateeconomytogainmorevitality;ontheotherhand,wecansetupadynamicadjustmentmechanismforstate-ownedassets,n,bottom-linethinkingandgradualadvancement,m,letalonefallingintoformalism,,theprimaryproblemofstateassetsmanagementsystemist,thegoalofthisreformshouldbefocusedonrejuvenatingstate-ownedenterprises,especiallythoseinthecompetitivedomains,andestablishingareasonablemechanismforadjusti,developmentmodesaswellassystemsandinstitutions,,disharmonyandunsustainabilityinthecountry,,thereformschemeforstate-ownedassetsmanagementsystemshallbeembeddedintotheoverallconsiderationofthecountryover150thousandenterprises,,short-termmeasuresshouldbeconsistentwiththelong-termgoals;top-leveldesignwithanoverallconsiderationshouldbeintegratedwithexplorationandpilotprojectsinsomedomains;comprehensi(SOEs)reformandthescientificassessmentofpresentmanagementsystem,weshallidentifythemainproblems,advancethereforminawell-mesticandforeignexperience,aneffectivestateassetsmanagementsystemshouldbecomposedofthreeparts:governmentaldepartments,investme,shoulderingtheircorrespondingrespo,onbehalfofallthepeople,,thegovernmentisinchargeofformulatingpublicpoliciesconcerningtheadjuetwoproblems—lackofduefunctionsandunnecessaryintervention."Lackofduefunctions"indicatesthatstateassetsarenotgivenafullplayinthesocietyandeconomyastheirfunctionsanddistributionarenotadjustedintimeaccordingtothecountrysdifferentdevelopmentstagesandmarketchanges."Unnecessaryintervention"meansthatnominallytheState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionoftheStateCouncilisaninstitutionspeciallydesignedformanagingstateassets,whilesubstantiallyitisagovernmentaldepartment,whichnotonlyintervenestoomuchintheenterprisesmanagement,,sincetheState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionwassetup,theresponsibilitiesoftheinvestorhavebeendetermined,solvingtheproblemof"manydepartmentscontrol,butnonetakesresponsibility".Thishas,onaccountofsomeinternalandexternalfactors,theState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionhasincreasinglyexpandeditsduedutiesinadministrating"personnel,affairsandassets",leadingtoamoreseriousmixingofgovernmentaladministrationandenterprises,whileservesasanadministrativedepartmentw,tntationfromsupervisiontoimprovethegovernmentalmanagementsystemofstateassets,regulategovernmentalmprovecorporategovernance,eliminateimproperadministrativeinterventionandensureenterprisesindependentmanagementinthemarket.Asanintegralpartofthemodernstategovernancesystem,aracteristicsundernewcircumstances,effortsneedtobemadetohaveacomprehensiveandaccurateunderstandingofthemeaningintheanceModernizationinChinaItisclarifiedintheDecisionoftheCPCCentralCommitteeonMajorIssuesConcerningComprehensivelyDeepeningtheReform(hereinafterreferredtoastheDecision)thattheultimateobjectiveofcomprehensivelydeepeningthereformistoperfectanddevelopthesocialistsystemwithChinesecharacteristicsandpromhelatterissue,clarifyingthescientificconnotationof"stategovernancesystemandgovernancecapability"andinstructingthedirectionof"stategovernancemodernization"ntegrnancecapabilityaretheconcentratedexpresrtheleadershipofthePartyandincludessystems,mechanismsandlegalarrangementsineconomy,politics,culture,society,,itisacomgesocialaffairs,coveringvariousfieldssuchasreform,development,stability,domesticaffairs,rvinglypursuethesocialistpathandperfectanddevelopthesocialistsystemwithChinesecharactsecharacteristicsistopushforwalistpathwithChinesecharacteristicsispursued;thesocialistsystemwithChinesecharacteristicscanonlybeperfectcteristicscanwerealizestatejorshina,hepointedoutthatitwouldtakeusanother30yearsbeforewecouldset,thePartyproposedpromotingthestategovernancesystemandgovernancecapabilitymoderniwithChinesecha"forgoverningacountry,systemsplayafundamental,overallandprofoundrole."AfteroversixtyyearsofpilotpracticeforexploringthewaysforbuildingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,,ourtophistorictaskistoperfectanddevelopthesocialistsystemwithChinesecharacteristicsandprovideasetofcomplete,stableandeffectivesystemsforPartybuildingandnationaldevelopment,thewellbeingofthepeople,,institutionalizationofstategovernancereferstotheregulationofbasicnationalpoliticalsystemsduringstategovernance,coveringpowerallocation,settingofinstitutionsforexercisingthepower,functionsoforgansofauthority,restrictionandsupervisionofpublicpowerandprotectionofcivilrights,sothatstateandsocialaffairscouldgobyrelevantlaws,berealizedinlightofChina,governanceisthesumofvariousmethodsusedbyindividualsandinstitutions,eitherprivateorpublic,,th"whatkindofgovernancesystemacountrychoosesisdecidedbyhistory,culturaltraditionandeconomicandsocialdevelopmentofthatcountryandbyitspeople.""ThestategovernancesysteminChinaisthenationalsystemforthePartytoleadthepeopletoeffectivelygovernthecountry,whilestategovernancecapabilityistheabilityofthePartyinleadingthepeopletousethenationalsystemtoeffectivelyimplementgovernance."Promotingthestategovernancesystemandgovernancecapabilitymodernizationistheprocessforthesystemandabiliwtostre,stategovernancemodernizationinChinacannotseveritstiesfromChinesehistoryorculture,thepresentstategovernancemodernizationshouldcontainpreviousreasonablefactorsinstategovernance,asforgovernance-relatedtheories,experienceandpracticeofothercountries,wecannotentirelycopyorrejectthembutshoulddrawonandmakeuseoftheirachievements.吕氏贵宾会BBIN开心消消乐重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReport,(Total4571),peoplehavenoticedthefollowingincidentsthatRMBdepreciatedagainstUSdollar,variousdomesticcapitalpricesfellquickly,creditdefaultriskescalated,nomicandfinancialperformance,,,theconfusionofcapitalmarketshowsthatthemarketsfunctioninoptimizationofresourcesallocationunderthecurrentenvironmenthasbeengreatlyrestrained,ourcesmisallocationOntheonehand,moreandmoreinstitutions,linksandchainsrangingfromcapitalsourcestocapitalusersareinvolved,makingfundcirculationbecomeincrea,agrowingamountofcapitalinChinaispooled,converte,ahostofadministrativecontrolandsupervisionmeasuresarestillinplace,,financialinstitutionshaveescapedvariousfinancialcontrols(whichactuallyreflectsChinasdeepeningliberalizationininformalfinancialsystem)andinputtedcapitalintotheareasdiscourage,moreandmorefinancialinstitutionsandquasi-financialinstitutionsneedtobeincorporatedintothecapitalchain,,bondsandstockswitharelativelyshortchaininthetotalsocialfinancing,itwasabove80%before2009,butdroppedtoover70%in2010-2012andfurtherdroppedtoaround60%tedloansandtrustloans(Figure1).,2015ItisessentialforChinatobuildspecialzonesfortalentsandexperimentzonesfortalentmanagementreforminordertodeterminethestrategicarrangementsforprioritizingtalentdevelo,15centralunits,includingtheOrganizationDepartmentoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,alongwithBeijingMunicipalGovernmentjointlyreleased“theOpinionsonBuildingSpecialZoneforTalentsinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone”(hereafterreferredtoas“theOpinions”)inanattempttojointlybuildZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalents(hereafterreferredtoasSpecialZoneforTalents).Afterexplorationandpracticeinthepastthreeyears,ZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalentshasaccomplishedprominentachievements,:ExplorationandPracticeinthePastThreeYearsZhongguancunactivelyadopts“trial-and-practice”,drivenbyinnovationoftalentpolicyaswellasinstitutionandmechanismreform,andsupportedbythebroadenedplatformsfortalentdevelopment,Zhongguancunhascreatedthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentandhasbecomethegatheringplacefomoverseas,andcreatingthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentBasedonsuchkeytalentprojectsasthenational“RecruitmentProgramofGlobalExperts”(alsocalled“1000-talentPlan”),“BeijingOverseasTalentsProject”,and“ZhongguancunHigh-levelTalentsProject,”Zhongguancunactivelysetsupthepolicysystemtobringintalents,topublicizetalentpolicies,,Zhongguancunhasquickenedthepacetoimproveitssystemforattractingoverseastalentsbyestablishing11contactagenciesforoverseastalentsincitiesandareaslikeSiliconValley,USA,London,BritainandMunich,worldandbroadeningthechannelsfortalentrecommendationandintroduction,,in2012,toattractoutstandingtalentsfromhomeandabroadtostartbusinessandfosterinnovationinZhongguancun,itinitiatedthesupportiveprojecthelpingoverseastalentsstartbusinessbyrecogetechnologywithRDZhongguancunactivelyacceleratestheplanningevelTalents,IndependentInnovationandEntrepreneurialParkforCollegeStudents,,itpromotestheprojectstoindustrializesomecutting-edgetechnologicacentralenterprisesinBeijing,theFutureScienceCitygathersnotonlynewRDinstitutionsforcleanenergyandaviationtechnology,,itisnowdevelopingmorethan30cutting-edgetechnologyprojects,ields,relevantcentralunitssupportBeijingMunicipalGovernmenttobuildsuchnewRDinstitutionsinthetalentzonesuchastheLifeSciencesResearchInstitute,ts’vitality,someresearchresultshavebeenachieveduptotheadvanced,Zhongguancunhasformulatedandimplemented“theManagementMeasuresofSupportiveFundforEntrepreneurialBaseofHigh-levelTalents.”InMay2012,TiangongBuildinginBeijingUniversityofScienceandTechnologywasoffici,atotalof92enterprisesarehousedinTiangongBuilding,theentrepreneurialbaseforhigh-leveltalents,edbythegovernmentlikethetitleof“1000-talentPlan”’innovativeandentrepreneurialvitalityFirst,sevenincentiveshavebeendeterminedforinnovativetalentsofscienceandtechnologyincludingequityawards,stockoptionandsci-techachievementsinvestedasshares,,workhasbeendonetocarryoutthe“NewFourProvisions”.Inordertoenhancetheeffectivenessofthe“1+6”policy①,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofFinance,theStateAdministrationofTaxationjointlyissued,inSept,2013,relateddocuments,approvedbytheStateCounciltobeimplementedinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone(hereafterreferredtoasZhongguancunDemonstrationZone).Examplesofthesepoliciesincludetheaccreditationofsupportivetechnologyofhigh-techenterprisesincultureindustry,pilotpraticeonincometaxofthelegalpersonandpartnersinthelimitedstart-upandinvestmentpartnerships,pilotpraticeonincometaxforcompaniestransferringtheirrightofnon-exclusiveuseofoverfiveyears,andpilotpraticere,therangeofbusinessincubationservicehasbeenexpanded.ByXuHongqiang,,2015ShenzhenandHo,tioninscienceandtechnology,theconstructionofShenzhen/HongKongInnovationCircleandtheworld-classtechnologyinnovationcenterwillprovidenewandsustainableincentivestotheeconomicdevelopmentinthetwocitiesaswellasintheregion,upliftingChina’/HongKongInnovationCircleDrivenbytheneedforinnovationandaimingatdevelopingtheworld-classtechnologyinnovationcenter,Shenzhen/HongKongInnovationCircleispromotedbythegove,,highlyaggregatedregionalinnovationsystemandindustrialagglomerationwhichwilllead,,itmeansthatthroughcoordinatingthemanagementofinnovationresources,ShenzhenandHongKongwillimplementfavorablepoliciesfortechnologicalpersonneltofacilitatetheircross-borderwork,lifeandactivitiesinanattempttoshareinnovationresourcesinresearchworkforce,funds,preferentialtaxpolicies,markets,technologyinnovation,pushforwardtheupgradingofindustrialandeconomicstructureofShenzhen,HongKongandthePearlRiverDelta,/HongKongInnovationCircleBasedonthefollowingthreereasons,itisofgreatstrategicsignificancetobuildShenzhen/,facingeconomicrestructuring,,domesticeconomyisinadesperatenee,’seconomicstructureandincreasetheindustrialcompetitivenessofthePearlRiverDeltaAfter30yearsofdevelopment,Shenzhenhasmadegreatachievementsineconomicconstruction,rankingthe4thineconomicscaleamonglargeandmedium-sizedcitiesinmainlandChina,onlynexttoShanghai,Beijing,,intheprocessofrapideconomicdevelopment,Shenzhenisalsofacndenvironmentalcapacity,relativelylagging-behindsocialcon,ShenzheninitiatedthestrategicconceptionofconstructingtheBayAreaeconomywithafocusoncreatingBayAreaindustrialclustersofTaiShanBay,ShenzhenBay,DapengBayandDayaBay,aneffortofwhichresultsinthegradualformationofaregionalinnovationsystemmainlybasedonGuangzhou,/HongKongInnovationCircleandmakingthescientificandindustrialadvantagesofthetwocitiescomplementarytoeachotherwillpromotethetransformationofShenzhen’seconomicstructurea,pushforwardtheconstructionofregionalinnovationsystem,andrea’sadvantagesintechnologicalresources,andbringinnewdrivingforcesforecono/HongKongInnovationCirclewillhelpmakefulluseofsuchadvantages,turnthemintoindustryandbusinessopportunities,(GII)jointlyissuedbyCornellUniversityintheUnitedStates,theEuropeanInstituteofBusinessAdministration(INSEAD)andtheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization(WIPO)showsthatHongKonghasalwaysbeenamongthetopregions,,duringtherecentfouryears,HongKonghasexperiencedadecliningtrendonthelist,indicatingthatHongKong,whichmakesup5%,or7%,usedtobevillageheads,outofwhich24usedtobeteamleadersoftheirvillages,10wereoncemembersofeitherthevillagecommitteesorthevillagebranchesofthePartyCommittee,7usedtobedirectorsofvillagecommittees,3weresecretariesofthevillagebranchesofthePartyCommittee,andtherest13wereeithervillageaccountants,militialeaders,secreta,about10%,havelinealrelativeswhoaremainheadsoftheirvillages(partysecretaryordirectorofthevillagecommittee),outofwhich54arechildrenoftheseheads,28arebrothersoftheheadsandonlyonegirlisahead’%oftherespondentshavecontractedlandathomeand5%,90%leavethelandtotheirfamiliesathometobecultivated,%,theyareag,theybelongtothensinthepasttwoyearsThisisagroupoffout30%%ofthemstartedbetween1990and1995,9%in1996,%,or95people,%,54people,’–“Howdidyoufindyourfirstjob”,628respondentssaidwiththeh%,%,,%,,%,’ot“aimlessmigrants”.–“Howdidyoufindthecurrentjob”612people,or75%%ofthem,or412people,gotjobst%,or149people,%.Thatistosaytheimportanceoffamilyorgeographicrelationshipinfindingjobsisreducing,whichme–“Arethereanychangesinthewayoflookingforjobsforfarmersinyourhometown”27%oftheemployeesbelievedthattheproportionoffindingjobsthroughformalchannels(directrecruitingfromfactories,labourdepartmentsorformaljobagencies,etc.)%%said,duetovariousreasons,theycouldn’%didn’,intheeyesofthefarmers,themediaandgovernmentdepartmentsconcernedhaven’tmademuchprogressinpromoting“organizedflow”etworksbasedontheirgeographicalandfamilyconnections....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以--Reporton1999questionnairesurveyofChinasenterprisemanagersTheChinaEntrepreneurSurveySystemaffiliatedtotheInformationCenteroftheStateCouncilsDevelopmentResearchCenterorganizedandcarriedoutthe1999ChinaQuestionnaireSurveyonChina,10,000questionnaireswereissuedand3,562werereturned,andthevalidquestionnairesreturnedfrom31provinces,,%%,%,%,enterpriseswithforeigninvestmentorinvestmentfromHongKong,%,%,%%.Large,%,%%%oftherespondentstothesurveywereholdingcorporatepositionsaschairman,generalmanager,hecurrentmacro-economicsituation,achievementsofthereforms,thestateoftheenterprises’operation,,thereportalsomadefulhatthemacro-controlpoliciesadoptedbythecentralgovernmenthaveachievedpositiveresults,themacro-economyhasprogressedsteadily,theimpactoftheAsianfinancialcrisisontheChineseeconomywasminimizing,thedomesticdeflationpressurehasbeeneased,andtheyforecastthatthenationaleconomywillma,theenterprisemanagersalsobelievethatthepresentinsufficientsocialdemands,theirrationaleconomicstructure,shortageoffundsandpooreconomicefficiencfiscalandmonetarypolicies,stimulatethegrowthofnon-governmentalinvestment,stabilizeandincreaseincomesforurbanandruralhouseholds,encourageappropriateconsumptionandconsequementsonaseriesofenterprisereformandsupportingreformmeasuresadoptedbythecentralgovernmentinthepastfewyears,a,supportingreformmeasuressuchasconductofstandardizedcorporatesystemreform,theestablishmentofasocialsecuritysystemandthetransformationofgovernmentfunctionsarenotyetsatisfactory,therefore,theyhavebecomeundamentaloptionforState-ownedenterprisestogetoutoftityofenterprisemanagersholdsthatcomparedwithin1998,theeconomicgrowthratein1999wasslightlyslowingdown,butth%ofenterprisemanagerschosea6-7%GDPgrowthrate,%,a7-8%growthrate,%,aGDPgrowthratehigherthan7%%,aGDPgrowthratelowerthan6%.Theirjudgementonthemacro-economicsituationshowsthatthepercentageoftheenterprisemanagerswhoconsideredit"normal"and"basicallynormal",thepercentageofenterprisemanagerswhoconsideredit"somewhatrecessionary"and"toorecessionary"gementonthecountrysoveralleconomicdevelopmenttrend(seeTable1)Table1JudgementofEnterpriseManagersontheMacro-economicPerformanceinthePastFewYears(%)、吕氏贵宾会BBIN开心消消乐用户至上速博电竞ByYeXingqing,,2015Intheprocessofsynchronouslypromotinganewtypeofindustrialization,informatization,urbanizationandagriculturalmodernization,,thestumblingstonesaresmall-scaleoperationandlowlaborproductivity,whichleadstolong-standinghighcost,itisdifficultforfarmerstohaveanincomecomparablewiththeaverageofthewholesociety,andtheKuznetseffect,supposedtoshowpresencewhenlaborisreallocated,-ruraldualsystem,specialdi,theChinesegovernmentshouldbecommittedtopromotingmoderate-scaleagriculturaloperationandimprovingagriculturallaborproductivity,whichshouldbearsofefforts,remarkable,agriculturaltechnologyinChinacontributed56%toagriculturalmodernization,61%ofagriculturalplowing,plantingandharvestingwasachievedbymechanizedfarming,over51%offarmlandwaseffectivelyirrigated,over95%offarmcropswereimprovedvarieties,andtheaveragecommodityrateofthreecropswasmorethan86%.Chineseagriculturehaswitnessedmoreimprovedvarietiesofcrops,betterutilizationofwaterresourcesforagriculturalproduction,greaterrateofmechanizedfarmingandhighercommodityrateofcrops,,Chinahasenteredintothemiddle-to-latestageofagriculturalmodernization(seeTable1).Table1DifferentStagesofAgriculturalModernizationZhangJunkuoThe15thCongressoftheChineseCommunistPartyexplicitlypointedoutthatinordertoadjustandimprovetheownershipstructureoftheChineseeconomy,"itisimperativet,assetreorganizationandstructuraladjustmentmaybecarriedouttostrengthenthekeysectorsandimprovetheoverallqualityofthestate-ownedassets.""Underthepreconditionthatwithpublicownershipasthemain-staythestatecontrolsthelifelineofthenationaleconomyandthecontrolandcompetitivenessofthestate-ownedeconomyisincreased,aproperreductionoftheproportionofthestate-ownedeconomywillnotlikelytoweakenthesocialistnatureofourcountry."Thestrategicadjustmentofthestate-ownedeconomy,whichinvolvesbothadvanceandretreat,isacorrectstrategicprincipleofutmostimportanceputforwardbythePartyCentralCommitteeafterearnestly,someprogresshasbeenmadeincarryingoutthestrategicadjustmentofthelayoutofthestate-ownedeconomy,especiallyin"freeingthesmallones".Butsomeconstraintsstillexistintheadjus,itisnecessarytotakefurthermeasuresonthebasisofaconscientioussummaryoftheexperiencetoensureoptedbythe15thCongressandovercometheideologicalbarrierstotheadjustmentofthelayoutofthestate-ownedeconomyTheoriginallayoutofthestate-ownedeconomywasformedundertheinfluenceoftheSoviet-stylesocialisttheories,whichregardedthes,stateownershipmustoccupyanabsolutelydominantpositionintheentirenationaleconomyand,withtheexceptionofsometradeswhichinvolvesmainlymanuallaborandcannotbeownedbythestate,thehighertheproportionofthestate-ownedeconomyis,,however,theerroneousnessofthesetheorieshasbecomeincreasinglyobvious,withtheadoptionofthemarketprportantcomponentofthesocialistmarketeconomy,,insteadofinallthesectors,thestate-ownedeconomyshouldoccupyadominantpositiononlyintheimportantindustriesandkeysec,thebasicframeworkforeconomicsystem,withpublicownershipasthemainstayandvariousformsofownershipdevelopingtogether,,somepeoplearestillobsessedwiththeoutdatedconceptthat"stateownershipisanadvancedformofpublicownershipandagoalpursuedbysocialism".Theydonotfullyrealizethegreatsignificanceofthedecisionmadebythe15thPa,thefinancialcapacityofthestateisunabletosupportthestate-ownedeconomywhichcoversatoowidespectrumandfindsitselftobefinancial,theresidentssavingsgrowyearafteryearand,alongwiththeotherfinancialassetsheldbythem,thetotalhasreachedeighttrillionyuan,e,allth,thestate-own,thenon-stateeconomyregisteredavigorousgrowth,whichnowcanreplaceorpartiallyr,itispossiblefortheincrementalinputsandstockassetsofthestate-ownedeconomytobepulledoutofsomeindustriesandtradesinaplannedmannerandflowtoandstrengthentheimportantindus,thestate-ownedcapitalandthenon-statecapitalcanreplaceandcomplementeachothertoincreaseChinasoverallnationalstrengthinabetterandfasterway.Ⅱ.Tofurtherdefinethestrategicpositionofthestate-ownedeconomyandthemodeofcontrolAtpresent,somepeopleregardtheadjustmentofthelayoutofthestate-ownedeconomyasapassiveexpedientmea,therefore,thatthosestate-ownedenterpriseswithpoorefficiencyandwithlittlehopetosurvivecanbesold,,guidedbythisidea,thestrategicadjustment,whichinvolvesbothadvanceandretreat,nedeconomy,wemustcorrectlydefinethepositionofthestate-ownedeconom,wecanfurtherdefineinwhichindustriesandsectorsthestate-ownedeconomyshouldoccupyamonopolyposition,inwhichindustriesandsectorsthestate-ownedeconomymuststay,andfromwhic,drivenbyself-interest,everyin,,underthepropertyrightsystemofthestate-ownedeconomy,thestate-ownedenterprisescan,theyalsofinditdifficulttocompletelyseparategovernmentfunctionsfromcorporatemanagementortotrulygiveenterprises,dents,thefunctionstofacilitatetheimplementationofthepublicpoliciesofthestate,thefunctionstosafeguardstatesecurityandth,thestate-ownedeconomycanbettersurviveandgrowintheimportantindusompetitiveareas.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,2015ItisessentialforChinatobuildspecialzonesfortalentsandexperimentzonesfortalentmanagementreforminordertodeterminethestrategicarrangementsforprioritizingtalentdevelo,15centralunits,includingtheOrganizationDepartmentoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,alongwithBeijingMunicipalGovernmentjointlyreleased“theOpinionsonBuildingSpecialZoneforTalentsinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone”(hereafterreferredtoas“theOpinions”)inanattempttojointlybuildZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalents(hereafterreferredtoasSpecialZoneforTalents).Afterexplorationandpracticeinthepastthreeyears,ZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalentshasaccomplishedprominentachievements,:ExplorationandPracticeinthePastThreeYearsZhongguancunactivelyadopts“trial-and-practice”,drivenbyinnovationoftalentpolicyaswellasinstitutionandmechanismreform,andsupportedbythebroadenedplatformsfortalentdevelopment,Zhongguancunhascreatedthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentandhasbecomethegatheringplacefomoverseas,andcreatingthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentBasedonsuchkeytalentprojectsasthenational“RecruitmentProgramofGlobalExperts”(alsocalled“1000-talentPlan”),“BeijingOverseasTalentsProject”,and“ZhongguancunHigh-levelTalentsProject,”Zhongguancunactivelysetsupthepolicysystemtobringintalents,topublicizetalentpolicies,,Zhongguancunhasquickenedthepacetoimproveitssystemforattractingoverseastalentsbyestablishing11contactagenciesforoverseastalentsincitiesandareaslikeSiliconValley,USA,London,BritainandMunich,worldandbroadeningthechannelsfortalentrecommendationandintroduction,,in2012,toattractoutstandingtalentsfromhomeandabroadtostartbusinessandfosterinnovationinZhongguancun,itinitiatedthesupportiveprojecthelpingoverseastalentsstartbusinessbyrecogetechnologywithRDZhongguancunactivelyacceleratestheplanningevelTalents,IndependentInnovationandEntrepreneurialParkforCollegeStudents,,itpromotestheprojectstoindustrializesomecutting-edgetechnologicacentralenterprisesinBeijing,theFutureScienceCitygathersnotonlynewRDinstitutionsforcleanenergyandaviationtechnology,,itisnowdevelopingmorethan30cutting-edgetechnologyprojects,ields,relevantcentralunitssupportBeijingMunicipalGovernmenttobuildsuchnewRDinstitutionsinthetalentzonesuchastheLifeSciencesResearchInstitute,ts’vitality,someresearchresultshavebeenachieveduptotheadvanced,Zhongguancunhasformulatedandimplemented“theManagementMeasuresofSupportiveFundforEntrepreneurialBaseofHigh-levelTalents.”InMay2012,TiangongBuildinginBeijingUniversityofScienceandTechnologywasoffici,atotalof92enterprisesarehousedinTiangongBuilding,theentrepreneurialbaseforhigh-leveltalents,edbythegovernmentlikethetitleof“1000-talentPlan”’innovativeandentrepreneurialvitalityFirst,sevenincentiveshavebeendeterminedforinnovativetalentsofscienceandtechnologyincludingequityawards,stockoptionandsci-techachievementsinvestedasshares,,workhasbeendonetocarryoutthe“NewFourProvisions”.Inordertoenhancetheeffectivenessofthe“1+6”policy①,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofFinance,theStateAdministrationofTaxationjointlyissued,inSept,2013,relateddocuments,approvedbytheStateCounciltobeimplementedinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone(hereafterreferredtoasZhongguancunDemonstrationZone).Examplesofthesepoliciesincludetheaccreditationofsupportivetechnologyofhigh-techenterprisesincultureindustry,pilotpraticeonincometaxofthelegalpersonandpartnersinthelimitedstart-upandinvestmentpartnerships,pilotpraticeonincometaxforcompaniestransferringtheirrightofnon-exclusiveuseofoverfiveyears,andpilotpraticere,therangeofbusinessincubationservicehasbeenexpanded.、DVORInformationCenter ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystemFromMarchtoJunelastyear,theStateEconomicandTradeCommissionorganizedaquestionnairesurveyontheoperatingenvironmentforthesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinvestedinChinabyAPECmembers(hereinafterreferredtoastheAPECenterprises).ThesurveywasactuallyundertakenbytheChinaEntreprenaccordingtothesizeofthestrata,,500copiesofquestionnaireweremailedandatotalof4,,%fortheprimaryindustry,%%,thejoint-venture,cooperativeandsolely-ownedenterprisesinvestedbypeoplefromHongKong,%,%%.TheChineseforeignj%%%.Intermsofthesourceofinvestment,ChinasHongKong,Japan,ChinasTaiwan,theUnitedStates,%,%,%,%,%%.%.ThesurveyindicatedthatthemanagersofmostAPECenterprisesbelievedthatChinawasthemostattractiveplaceintheAsia-Pacificregionforinvestors,thatChinassocialandpoliticalstabilityanditsexcellentmacroeconomicconditionsconstitutethemainguaranteeforsuccessfulinvestmentinChina,thattheywerefullycontbyintensifyinginfrastructureconstruction,raisingtheefficiencyofgovernmentwork,establishingandimprovingthesocialsecuritysystemandsocialservicesystem,strengthening:TheAPECenterprisesrankedthelevelofattractivenessofChina%ofthesurveyedAPECenterpriseslistedChinaasonsHongKong,Singapore,theUnitedStates,%ofthesurveyedAPECenterprisesb,%ofthethoseenterprisesbelievedtheirexistingscaleofinvestmentwasproper,%%%ofthesurveyedAPECenterpriseswerefullyconfi,%%%,%ofthemhadoperatingplansformorethanfiveyears,%%%,%%,%%ofthesur,%%,%saidtheyincreasedormaintainedtheirshares,%eigncapitalattractionThesurveyindicatedthatforeigninvestorsregardedChinaasanidealinvestmentgroundmainlybecauseofthefavorableeconomicenvironmentandstabl%,%%ofthesurveyedenterpriseswereoptimisticaboutthesethreefactors(seethefiguresbelow).ByYeXingqing,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReport,,2013(Total4451)DuringaninspectiontourinHubeiprovinceinJuly2013onhowtocomprehensivelydeepenreform,GeneralSecretaryXiJinpingstressedtheissueofaproperhandlingoftherelationsbetweenrurallandpropertyright,farmerscontractingrightandfarmersmanagementrightrelatedtothedeep,itisnecessaryandpropertoshiftthefocusfromagriculturallandownershiptofarmerscontractingmanagementrightintheprocessofstabilizingandimprovingruralbasicmanagementsystemsoastoprotecttheinterestsoflandcontractors,,withthetransferofruralpopulation,thereisatendencytowardstheseparationbetweencontractorsandoperatorsand,wesuggestimprovingtherurallandsystemwithintheguidelinesofrespectingcollectiveownership,definingfarmerscontractingrightandsafeguardingfarmersmanagementrightinabidtoadapttonewrearmersContractingandManagementRightXiaogangvillageinFengyangcounty,Anhuiprovincetooktheinitiativ%ofruralbasi,Chinadevelopedthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystemwhichcombinedunifiedmanagementwithdecentralizedmanagementandfeatur,thecollectivelandownershipboastedthefollowingrights,including:first,thelandcontract-awardingright,accordingtowhichfarmerslaborerswereconfinedtocontractedlandandthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsretainedacertainproportionofreservedland;second,productionandmanagementplanningright:accordingtowhichthecollectiveseconomicorganizationspressedaheadwiththeplanforplantingandunifiedpurchasinggrainandotherstapleagriculturalproductsbystatequotas;third,unifiedmanagementright:accordingtowhichthecollectiveseconomicorganizationsfulfilledtheoverallplanincludingaunifiedjobinplowing,irrigation,plantprotection,epidemicprevention,seedproductionandbreedingattherequestofcommunemembers;andfourth,incomedistributionrights,accordingtowhichfarmersshouldreserveadequateagriculturalproductsforthecol,farmersonlyhadlimitedrightsrelatedtoautonomyofproductionandmanagementsuchaslabortimeandthedisposalofremainingproductionandmanagementincomeattheirown,theChinesegovernmenthasshiftedthefocusoffourfundamentalrightsrelatedtopossession,use,incomeanddisposalofagriculturallandfromcollectiveownershiptofarmercontractingmanagementright(earlycalledautonomyofproductionandmanagement,landuseright,landcontractrightandcontractedlanduserightandtermedaslandcontractandmanagementrightin1999)andthegeneraltrendwastoreducetherightandfunctionofthecollectiveownershipandgi,morerightsrelatedtoagriculturallandusewer,relateddocumentsandlawsissuedbythecentralgovernmentrepeatedlystressedthatthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsshouldnotrecoveroradjustcontractedlandagainstfarmer,thecentralgovernmentmadeitclearthatthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsshouldretainnomorethan5%ofreservedlandinthesecond-roundofcontractrenewalproject,cleanupandrectifythe"two-fieldsystem"(egalitariansubsistencelanddistributionandbidcontractingforresponsibilitylandbidcontracting)andbanreverserentbyinversecontract(thecollectiveseconomicorganizationsleasedlandfromfarmersandcontracteditatahighpricetosomeotherfarmersandexternaloperators).Todefendfarmerscontractingmanagementrights,,ldbecontractedforover15years;ntracttermforanother30yearsafterexpiryandadvocatedunchangedlandirrespectiveofchangesinhouseholdsizeduringthetermofcontract;theLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonLandContractinRuralAreasprovidedin2003thatthehouseholdsthathadsettleddowninsmallcitiesandtownsshouldnotreturncontractedland;theThirdPlenarySessionofthe17thCPCCentralCommitteeproposedin2008thatexistinglandcontractrelationsshouldremainstableandunchangedforalongperiodoftime;theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilissuedthedocumentin2011relatedtoreformofhouseholdregistrationsystemandproposedthatthehouseholdstha,thecollectiveeconomicorganizationsceaseddirectlyusingagriculturallandforagriculturalproductionaftertheall-roundcontractresponsibilitysystemwasimplementedandrelatedcentraldocumentsandrelevantlawsandregulationsrepeatedlystressedthatthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsshouldnotinterveneincontractorsstatusasindependentmarketplayers,veunitsshouldnotissueanymandatoryproductionplantofarmersandtheLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonLandContractinRuralAreasissuedin2003providedthatcontractorswereentitledtoself-organizedp,ruraltaxreformwascarriedouttoabolishfeespaidbyfarmersforoveralltownshipplanningandvillagereserveandinotherwords,thecollectiveeconomicorganiz,,farmerswereallowedtoretaintheremainingproductionandmanagementincomesotherthanpartsforthestateandthecollectiveattheirowndisposalandderivedincomesfromagriculturalproductionandmanage,householdsthattransferredcontractedlandwerepermittedtopurchaseacertainamountofbargaingrainfromthosetowhichcontractedlandwastransferred,thetransferofcontractedlandwithcompensationwasrepetitivelyemphasi,directsubsidiestoagricultureweregrantedtocontractorswh,relatedpolicies,lawsandregulationsrepeatedlystressedthatthecollectiveecosRepublicofChinapromulgatedin2007failedtoclearlyincludedisposalrightinlandcontractandmanagementright,contractorspartiallygaineddi,,theLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonLandContractinRuralAreasprovidedthatlandcontractandmanagementrightgainedthroughhouseholdcontractcouldbetransferredbymeansofsubcontract,lease,exchange,sRepublicofChinapromulgatedin2007providedthatcontractorshadtherighttotransferlandcontractandmanagementrightbymeansofsubcontract,,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe17thCPCCentralCommitteepassedtheDecisionofSomeMajorIssuesofCPCCentralCommitteeonPropellingRuralReformandDevelopmentandputforwardthenewcirculationmodeofshareholdingcooperation,therebycontractorswereenabledtoenjoymoremeanstoexercisetheagriculturallanddisposalright.--Reporton1999questionnairesurveyofChinasenterprisemanagersTheChinaEntrepreneurSurveySystemaffiliatedtotheInformationCenteroftheStateCouncilsDevelopmentResearchCenterorganizedandcarriedoutthe1999ChinaQuestionnaireSurveyonChina,10,000questionnaireswereissuedand3,562werereturned,andthevalidquestionnairesreturnedfrom31provinces,,%%,%,%,enterpriseswithforeigninvestmentorinvestmentfromHongKong,%,%,%%.Large,%,%%%oftherespondentstothesurveywereholdingcorporatepositionsaschairman,generalmanager,hecurrentmacro-economicsituation,achievementsofthereforms,thestateoftheenterprises’operation,,thereportalsomadefulhatthemacro-controlpoliciesadoptedbythecentralgovernmenthaveachievedpositiveresults,themacro-economyhasprogressedsteadily,theimpactoftheAsianfinancialcrisisontheChineseeconomywasminimizing,thedomesticdeflationpressurehasbeeneased,andtheyforecastthatthenationaleconomywillma,theenterprisemanagersalsobelievethatthepresentinsufficientsocialdemands,theirrationaleconomicstructure,shortageoffundsandpooreconomicefficiencfiscalandmonetarypolicies,stimulatethegrowthofnon-governmentalinvestment,stabilizeandincreaseincomesforurbanandruralhouseholds,encourageappropriateconsumptionandconsequementsonaseriesofenterprisereformandsupportingreformmeasuresadoptedbythecentralgovernmentinthepastfewyears,a,supportingreformmeasuressuchasconductofstandardizedcorporatesystemreform,theestablishmentofasocialsecuritysystemandthetransformationofgovernmentfunctionsarenotyetsatisfactory,therefore,theyhavebecomeundamentaloptionforState-ownedenterprisestogetoutoftityofenterprisemanagersholdsthatcomparedwithin1998,theeconomicgrowthratein1999wasslightlyslowingdown,butth%ofenterprisemanagerschosea6-7%GDPgrowthrate,%,a7-8%growthrate,%,aGDPgrowthratehigherthan7%%,aGDPgrowthratelowerthan6%.Theirjudgementonthemacro-economicsituationshowsthatthepercentageoftheenterprisemanagerswhoconsideredit"normal"and"basicallynormal",thepercentageofenterprisemanagerswhoconsideredit"somewhatrecessionary"and"toorecessionary"gementonthecountrysoveralleconomicdevelopmenttrend(seeTable1)Table1JudgementofEnterpriseManagersontheMacro-economicPerformanceinthePastFewYears(%)。

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